The peace that comes from balance and flexibility represented by two tongues of fire balancing, surrounded by a flexilbe ring of bamboo.
Arlington Budoshin JuJitsu Dojo: Self Defense for the Rest of Us
Terminology — U
Rōmaji: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
English: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

counting | pronunciation | request a term | sources


4. thumb
ube makikomi


4. Thumb Winding Throw
Your attacker approaches from behind preparing to choke you. Reach over your shoulder to grab the attacker’s thumbs. Grab his thumbs securely with your hands, thumbs down. Lift his hands off and turn to your right. Bring his left arm down across his right arm, at his elbows, thus causing his left elbow to be locked against his right arm. Wind both of his thumbs in a large counterclockwise circle, keeping them at opposite poles on the “edge” of the circle, to execute the throw. Let go of his thumbs once the attacker is thrown.
ube shioku waza


no reference

1. [Common Usage] interior, inner
2. ‘Interior, inner, inside’. An indirect form of attack.
3. (oo'chee)
  1. “strike” A collective term for karate striking techniques usually performed with the snapping motion of the elbow. Uchi is also a compound term for these various striking techniques.
  2. “inner” or “interior” A term used in reference to the execution of certain judo techniques.
7. interior
8. uchi-uke inside block
uchi gari see: ouchi gari

1. [Common Usage] arm
2. forearm
3. (oo'day) “forearm” or “arm”
4. arm
6. forearm
7. arm
ude garami


see also: shiho nage and ude guruma ushiro
1. [Judo, Ju-jutsu] (lit. Entwined Arm-lock) a joint-lock that applies pressure on the elbow of the opponent’s bent arm
2. [Judo] This is a ground-work technique in which Uke’s arm is bent and locked, with pressure exerted on the elbow joint. Usually performed with Uke lying on his or her back.
3. (oo'day ga-ra'mee) “entangled armlock” A judo armlock in which the opponent’s arm is bent and pressure is applied against the elbow. It is the eleventh technique of katame-no-kata.
9. Entangled Armlock
Taking your opponent’s wrist in your left hand, you put your right forearm underneath his left upper arm and grab your own left wrist, then lock his elbow joint by pressing against his upper arm with your right forearm.
10. [Judo] The practitioner applies pressure on the elbow, while the opponent is lying on his or her back. Called the “arm entanglement” or “figure four arm lock”.
ude gatame



see also: ude guruma
1. [Judo] (lit. Arm-lock) a joint-lock that uses the forearm to apply pressure directly against the opponent’s elbow
2. [Judo] A technique of pressure against an arm joint, in this case the elbow. Uke’s wrist is held against Tori’s neck and Tori presses against the elbow with both hands. A variation is to hold the wrist against Tori’s shoulder.
3. (oo'day ga-ta'mee) A judo armlock in which the opponent’s arm is locked at the elbow joint. It is the thirteenth technique of katame-no-kata.
9. armlock
10. [Judo] Straight arm lock. The practitioner pulls the arm up, and rests it between shoulder and neck, placing pressure on the shoulder just below the elbow.
ude guruma



see also: ude-garami and ude-gatame
4. shoulderlock come-along
[from a handshake] Slap your left hand onto the back of his right hand and grip firmly with your thumb over the top of his wrist and your fingers underneath. Step in with your left foot and bring his hand up in a counterclockwise circle to your right. As you continue to turn his arm counterclockwise bring it over your head, pivoting your body to your right. Continue turning until you are facing in the opposite direction from your attacker. His shoulder is now locked. Your right hand keeps hold of the handshake. Your left hand lets go of his wrist and grabs his elbow as you turn around so you’re facing the same direction as the attacker. Pull his elbow to you thus arching his back.

shoulderlock pin
[submission following uki-otoshi] ...bring your right leg over the lower part of the attacker’s right arm, bending his arm back. Once his arm is bent, with his palm up, bring your right leg down, turning toward your attacker’s head and bringing your left leg up. Continue this motion, bringing your shin back to your body as you lean forward against his elbow.

armbar submission
[against a right roundhouse punch] ...Move your left hand over the attacker’s right arm and then under it at, or slightly above, his elbow. Your right hand rests on his right shoulder. Clamp your left hand onto your right forearm, thumb and fingers on top. His right wrist is now trapped in your armpit, and his palm should be up with the outside of his elbow facing down. Raise your left forearm slightly and push down with your right hand to create pain in your attacker's elbow locked in the armbar.

‘armlock come-along’
‘armlock pin’
‘armlock takedown’
‘shoulderlock hip throw’
‘shoulderlock takedown’

ude guruma makikomi
4. armbar winding throw
As your attacker grabs you with his left hand and pulls you toward him, lean in slightly so you can more easily block his hit effectively with your left forearm. Bring your right hand across and deliver a backhand strike to the side or base of his ribs. Move your left hand over the attacker’s right arm and then under it at, or slightly above, his elbow. Your right hand rests on his right shoulder. Clamp your left hand onto your right forearm, thumb and fingers on top. His right wrist is now trapped in your armpit, and his palm should be up with the outside of his elbow facing down. Raise your left forearm slightly and push down with your right hand to create pain in your attacker’s elbow locked in the armbar. Keep pressure against the outside of his elbow with your left forearm as you pivot back on your left foot throwing him. Bring him down to the ground, keeping hold of the armbar position.
ude guruma ushiro see also: ude-garami, ude-gatame and shiho nage
4. ‘armbar (shoulderlock) rear throw’
‘shoulderlock rear takedown’


1. [Aikido, Judo, Ju-jutsu] the person receiving the technique being applied by the tori.
  1. [Judo, Aikido] This is the term for the partner who attacks and is then thrown by Tori (or Shite, Nage).
  2. [Karate] A defensive movement, generally in the form of a block against the opponent's attack.
3. (oo'kay) “receiver”
  1. The partner upon whom the technique is executed in judo and aikido practice
  2. To block
4. person receiving technique
6. Fall guy
7. attacker or one who floats
9. receiver
  1. [Judo, Aikido] The person who is thrown, the receiver.
  2. [Karate] A block.
Wikipedia description


1. [Aikido, Judo, Ju-jutsu] breakfalls; methods of falling or receiving techniques safely
2. A method of falling to soften the impact of someone who is thrown to the ground (see Uke, Tori, Nage, Shite). The only way to dispel the hard impact experienced when the body strikes the floor (or the Tatami) is to use the ‘break-falls’ which produce a counter-impact and so nullify to a large extent the shock to the body. The chief technique is to strike the floor with the open palm of the hand and the forearm as one lands. See: ushiro-ukemi, yoko-ukemi, and mae-ukemi. In all cases, the body must stay supple and relaxed with the chin drawn into the chest to protect the head and neck.
3. (oo-kay'mee) “art of falling” or “breakfalling” The art of using shock-dispersing actions to avoid injury when falling. Ukemi is an instrumental practice to both judo and aikido.
4. fall
5. ukemi-waza falling techniques
6. breakfalls
7. method of falling in breakfall; literally, “falling way”
8. falling practice
9. technique of falling safely
10. [Judo] falling techniques.
uki goshi


1. [Judo] floating hip throw; a basic judo technique that is seldom used in competition
2. [Judo] ‘Floating hip throw.’ A swift movement bringing Tori’s hip into contact with Uke’s lower abdomen or groin. Uke is raised from the floor and loses his or her balance forwards. It is the basis of all hip (Koshi) movements such as Harai-goshi, Tsuir-komi-ashi, O-goshi, Uchi-mata, etc.
3. (oo-kee goh'shee) “floating hip throw” A judo hip technique; the fourth technique of nage-no-kata.
9. Floating Hip Throw
After breaking your opponent's balance to his right front corner, you load him on your hip and throw him by twisting your hip to the left. Wrap your arm as far as possible around his body. The throw differs from o-goshi in that you do not raise your hips or bend forward.
10. [Judo] Floating Hip Throw
The basic hip throw all others are based on. The practitioner uses his or her hip to pivot and throw the opponent. Counter to tsurikomi goshi.
Wikipedia description
uki otoshi




2. [Judo] “Floating throw”. Tori places one knee on the ground, at the same time pulling on Uke’s sleeve, causing him or her to pivot on the supporting leg and fall forward.
3. (oo-kee oh-toh'shee) “floating drop” A judo hand throwing technique; the first technique of nage-no-kata.
4. floating drop throw
  1. From the ready position, grab your opponent by the collar. As your opponent moves in to execute a standard basic hip throw (koshi nage) place your hand on his shoulder. As you are lifted off the ground for the throw, grab your opponent’s left shoulder, thus establishing control. As your opponent completes the movement of the hip throw, add your own momentum to the turn by maintaining your hold on your opponent’s left shoulder, thus throwing him and causing him to land at your left side on the mat.
  2. Assume a ready position, as your opponent attempts to strike, block his punch away, stepping in with your left foot at the same time. As you move in toward the attacker, grab his right lapel with your right hand. Step in beyond the attacker with your right foot, causing the attacker to lose his balance, and/or push back against your body with his body. As he pushes his body against you, fall back towards his left. This will cause him to fall to your left side.
  3. Assume a ready position facing your attacker. Block his right punch with your left forearm, then step in with your with your left foot and grab his sleeve with your left hand. Put your right arm around the attacker's head and kick your right leg to the outside of his right leg as high as it will go. Have your left leg follow your right leg so that you have both feet up in the air, your back tight against the attacker’s chest and his head tight against you. Turn quickly to your left as you reach your maximum height to bring your opponent over you and down. [submit with ude guruma, 'shoulderlock pin']
9. Floating Drop
You break your opponent’s balance to his right front corner and pull him downward with both hands, causing him to fall forward in a circle. Another way to do the technique is to step back and drop to your left knee, left toes raised. Pull hard using the combined power of both arms. This form of the throw is done in the throwing kata and is often more effective of the two.
10. [Judo] Floating Drop
The practitioner drops to one knee, wheling the opponent over the forward foot. Also called Pulling Down Straight Leg Throw
Wikipedia description

1. [Common Usage] opposite, reverse; the opposite of omote
[Aikido] rear-entry technique; a technique that is performed by making a turning movement
2. opposite, negative
[Judo] The second part of Koshiki-no-kata, consisting of seven movements which must be carried out quickly.
3. (oo'rah) “reverse,” “rear,” or “reverse side”
4. rear
7. opposite, reverse, obverse, etc.
ura nage


1. [Judo] (lit. Back Throw) a rear sacrifice technique taught in the Nage no Kata
2. [Judo] “Backward throw”. Tori wraps his or her arm around Uke’s body, lowering his or her stance and then falling back, bringing Uke down at the same time.
3. (oo-ra na'geh) “rear throw” A judo sacrifice technique; the eleventh technique of nage-no-kata.
4. ‘kneelock rear throw’
‘rear circle throw’
‘rear throw’
7. rear throw
9. Back Throw
You put both arms around your opponent from his right side (or from behind), lift him up, and throw him back over your left shoulder as you sacrifice yourself by falling backward. Be careful not to throw your opponent on his head.
10. [Judo] Rear Throw
A backward throw. The practitioner wraps his or her arms around the opponent’s body and falls back, bringing the opponent with him or her.
Wikipedia description


1. [Common Usage] from behind, back
2. back, rear
3. (oo-shee'roh) “back,” “rear,” or “behind”
4. backwards
ushiro nage


4. Leg Lift Throw
As your attacker throws a front snap kick, sidestep to your left with your left foot. At the same time your right arm blocks outward to deflect the leg and hook it from underneath. After catching your attacker’s calf in the crook of your elbow, step forward with your right leg and reach for the attacker's face with your right hand to execute the throw.
ushiro ukemi


1. [Aikido, Judo] backwards breakfall or roll
2. fall to the rear on the back: both forearms and palms strike the ground simultaneously on both sides of the body.
3. (oo-she'roh oo-kay'mee) “backward fall” A judo and aikido technique for falling without injury.
10. [Judo] backward breakfall
[Previous] | [Next]

[Top] | [Home] |