The peace that comes from balance and flexibility represented by two tongues of fire balancing, surrounded by a flexilbe ring of bamboo.
Arlington Budoshin JuJitsu Dojo: Self Defense for the Rest of Us
 
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saiki tanden
(seika tanden)

【せいかたんでん】

臍下丹田

see also: hara
4. lower stomach, located approximately one to two inches below the navel
7. lower abdomen
samurai

【さむらい】

1. [Common Usage] (lit. One Who Serves) a rank of bushi. A samurai serves his lord with absolute obedience. Of great importance to the samurai was the right to wear the daisho and to serve his lord.
2. A class of Bushi (warriors, Shi) attached to a lord at the imperial court. (The word comes from the older word, Saburai, from Saburau, meaning ‘to keep to the side’.) These original Samurai were there for the protection of their lord and were specially trained in martial arts. Later the name was given to all Bushi of a certain rank belonging to warrior families (Buke). Only Samurai were allowed to carry two swords (Daisho). Warriors of a lower rank were more usually called Bushi or Bujin. In the Edo period (1603-1868) the Samurai constituted the dominant social class in Japan. See Bushi, Ronin.
3. (sam'uh-reye) “warrior” or “one who serves” The swordmen of feudal Japan who were impeccably adept at a wide variety of martial practices, particularly the sword, and served a lord and fief. Strict rules and regulations were established for feudal lords and their samurai after A.D. 1600 under the Tokugawa shogunate. They regulated even the length of sword, type of dress, and manner of speach.
10. The word is taken from the Japanese verb “to serve as an attendant.” Samurai were Japanese warriors who were in the service of the great warrior class families. They felt the sword and the soul were intertwined and thus followed an ethical code, called the Way of the Bow and Horse, later called Bushido, the Way of the Warrior. Samurai referred to themselves as “bushi” or “warrior,” whereas the other classes called them samurai, “attendant.”
See also: Wikipedia
senpai

【せんぱい】

先輩

1. [Common Usage] one’s senior, the opposite of a kohai
2. The Master-At-Arms in the Dojo. His students are often called kohai.
8. Teacher; the title of those black belts who head an individual dojo.
11. Senior; elder; predececesor.
12. Senior; superior
See also: Wikipedia
sensei

先生

1. [Common Usage] teacher, professor, or doctor of an art or discipline; this term can be loosely used for almost anyone holding a respected position within the community
2. ‘Teacher’, ‘Born before’. A title which expresses deference, used towards those who have accomplished something of note. In the martial arts this title is sometimes reserved for the chief or creator of a Ryu or style, in general a 10th Dan. Today, depending on the school, it may be reserved for the head teacher of a Dojo or used for referring to martial arts masters, or even simply for anyone who is instructing at the time. The title of Dai-sensei or O-Sensei, meaning ‘Great Master’, is used only for a few people such as Kano Jigoro, Funakoshi Gichin or Ueshiba Morihei.
3. (sehn'say) “teacher” or “instructor” A term used in all Japanese and Okinawan martial arts.
4. teacher
6. Teacher
7. teacher
8. Teacher; the title of those black belts who head an individual dojo.
10. In Japan, the name sensei is given to all martial arts teachers, regardless of the style they teach. The sensei may teach multiple martial arts, such as archery, spearmanship, swordsmanship, and Karate, or other unarmed styles. Especially in Japan, the relationship between student and teacher is pronounced. The student is often called a disciple or follower, which indicates a philosophical or religious tie to the instructor. In Karate, the chief instructor for an organization of world-wide status is called Kancho. Instructors who are ranked above 6th dan are known as shihan; black belts from 2nd to 5th dans are sempai (senior). All sempai are expected to be role models for the other students. A hanshi is a master. In most martial arts, those who are at higher ranks are expected to take on teaching duties. In some styles, the student who wishes to promote to black belt must demonstrate a commitment to teaching and to perpetuating the art.
11.
  1. teacher; master.
  2. doctor (M.D.).
  3. title used when speaking of or to members of certain professions (lawyers, politicians).
12. teacher; an instructor; honorific for professional people (doctors, lawyers, etc.).
See also: Wikipedia
sasae

【ささえ】

支え

1. [Common Usage] to support, to prop
7. support
sasae tsurikomi ashi

支釣込足

1. [Judo] propping drawing ankle throw; a fast twisting and pulling motion is used to take the opponent down
2. Sasae-tsuri-kimo Ashi [Judo] ‘Propping drawing ankle throw’. Tori blocks Uke’s ankle with his or her own foot, draws Uke on and lifts, causing him or her to fall to the side of the blocking foot. Loss of balance and fall takes place to the right to left front.
3. (sa-sa-eh tsu-ree koh-mee a-shee) “propping drawing ankle throw” A judo leg throw in which the opponent is thrown by a lifting, sweeping motion. It is the eighth technique of nage-no-kata.
7. supporting foot lift pull throw
9. Supporting Foot Lift-pull Throw
You break your opponent’s balance to his right front corner and throw him by blocking his right leg with your left foot. Your sole should be placed just above his ankle. Be sure to lean backward and twist to the left as you throw. Neither blocking nor pulling will be effective if you bend forward at the waist.
10. [Judo] Propping Drawing Ankle Throw
A technique where the practitioner blocks the opponent’s ankle with his or her foot.
See also: Wikipedia
seoi

【ぜおい】

背負い

2. ‘on the back’
7. carry on the shoulder
seoi nage

【ぜおいなげ】

背負投

(gallery)

2. [Judo] A Judo throw in which Uke is thrown by Tori by means of the action and use of the shoulder. In this case he or she is thrown over the shoulder. see Ippon Seol-nage.
3. (sey-oy na-geh) “shoulder throw” A judo hand technique in which the opponent is tossed over the shoulder. There are two types of shoulder throws: ippon-seol-nage (one-arm shoulder throw) and seol-nage (two-arm shoulder throw). Most judoka use the term seol-nage when referring to the latter technique. Seol-nage is the second technique of nage-no-kata.
7. shoulder throw
9. Shoulder Throw
You break your opponent’s balance straight to the front or to his right front corner, load him on your back, and throw him over your shoulder. As you pull your opponent onto your back with your left arm, your right arm will naturally bend. Your opponent’s right arm should cover your elbow.
10. [Judo] shoulder throws
See also: Wikipedia
shihan

【しはん】

師範

1. [common usage] master teacher
2. A high rank in the martial arts. See Kyudan.
3. (shee'han) “doctor,” “master teacher,” or “model teacher” A title representing a master in Japanese martial arts. Usually, these instructors are of very high rank, sixth-degree black belt and above, and some head their own styles or schools.
6. Advanced teacher
7. the title Shihan (“Doctor” or “Past Master”) is conferred on a martial artist who has been promoted in a particular ryu with a teaching certification. This could be compared to a deacon or elder in a church, or someone who is held in high esteem due to his knowledge or financial support of the ryu. This title is indicative of a station and totally indigenous to the ryu. It is an honorary title sometimes translated to mean “Master Teacher,” which would be a very loose translation but somewhat correct. It is usually given to someone within the ryu for his total support of the ryu; it does not necessarily mean that he is master of the art. (Note: In today’s Japan, to receive this title, you must have the rank of godan or above in that ryu. Many people claim this title, but very few have actually received it from a traditional Japanese ryu.)
8. The term Shihan (master) is given to those of 6th dan and higher.
See also: Wikipedia
shiho

【しほう】

四方

2. ‘Four quarters’, ‘Four limbs’, ‘Four directions’.
7. four directions, eg., kami shihogatame-locking of upper four quarters
11. all directions
12. four sides
shiho gatame
2. [Judo] ‘Four quarters immobilization’. This is a groundwork (Ne-waza) technique in which Tori holds down Uke using the shoulders and hips to pin him or her. The elbows and knees may also be the ‘targets’ for pressure or gripping. There are six immobilizations of this type:

Yoko Shiho-gatame, control from the side
Kami Shiho-gatame, control from the rear, over the chest, using the belt
Kuzure Shiho-gatame, a variation of control from the side
Kuzure Kami Shiho-gatame, a variation of control over the chest using the belt
Kuzure Tate Shiho-gatame, a variation of control over the chest sitting astride
Tate Shiho-gatame, control sitting astride Uke face to face

shiho gatame kei
3. (shee-hoh ga-ta-mee kay) “four quarters locking system” One of the three systems into which the holding techniques of judo can be subdivided. In this system are classified all techniques in which the user is either on all fours or lying on the stomach in such a way as to maintain contact between the user’s body and the opponent’s chest and abdomen.
shiho nage

【しほうなげ】

四方投げ

1. (lit. Four Direction Throw) a technique that is similar to a sword movement in that tori grasps the uke’s hands and raises them over his head, stepping under and pivoting, then cutting down as through with a sword.
2. [Aikido] A series of four throws ‘on four sides’ or ‘quarters’, which are part of the Nage-waza. They are executed on Ryote-dori, Kata-dori, Yokomenuchi, Shomen-tsuki and Ushiro-ryotekubi-dori.
shime

【しめ】

see also: jime
1. [Judo, Ju-jutsu] choke, stranglehold
2. strangulation
3. (shee'may) “strangling” or “choke”
4. pain, strangling
7. choking
shime waza

絞技

2. [Judo] Strangulation techniques used in groundwork.
3. (shee'may wa'za) “strangulation technique” A collective name for judo techniques in which an opponent is subdued by choking or strangulation.
4. pain or strangling techniques
ago makikomi
‘cross-lapel choke’
‘forearm-roll neck choke’
‘groin attack’
‘leg-lift groin stomp’
‘nerve-attack armlock takedown’
‘strangling technique’
5. strangling or choking techniques
7. art of choking
9. strangling techniques
Nami-juji-jime
Kata-juji-jimi
Gyaku-juji-jimi
Hadaka-jimi
Okuri-eri-jimi
Kata-ha-jimi
Katate-jimi
Ryote-jimi
Sode-guruma-jimi
Tsukkomi-jimi
Sankaku-jimi
Do-jimi
10. [Judo] Methods of strangulation.
see also: Wikipedia
shin

2. ‘Heart’, ‘Mind’, ‘Spirit’, ‘Feeling’. see Kokoro
shioku
4. nerves
shioku waza
4. nerve technique
‘nerve wheel throw’
‘rear leg-lift throw’
sode
1. [Common Usage] sleeve
2. ‘Sleeve of the Keikogi
4. sleeve
7. sleeve, eg., sodeguruma-sleeve wheel. The old terminology also means method of choking
10. [Kendo] Sholder (literally, “sleeve”) guard.
sode guruma

袖車

2. [Judo] Rolling up of the sleeve to strangle Uke; a groundwork (Ne-waza) technique.
3. (soh-deh-goo-roo-ma) “sleeve wheel” A judo grappling technique.
sode guruma jime

袖車絞

3. (soh-deh-goo-roo-ma jee-meh) “lapel wheel choke” A judo grappling technique.
9. Sleeve Wheel Choke
This technique is applied from the front. Put your right forearm against your opponent’s throat and your left forearm against the back of his neck. Grasp your right lower sleeve with your left hand and thrust your right hand into the right side of his neck. Apply pressure by making circular movememtns with both arms.
see also: Wikipedia
sode otoshi
4. Sleeve-Hold Knee-Drop Throw
Your attacker sets a low bearhug, pinning you at your elbows. Reach over with your left hand and grab his right forearm. Your right foot steps just to the right of his right foot. Drop straight down onto your right knee as you turn to your left and pull his arm/sleeve with your left hand.
soto

【そと】

1. [Common Usage] exterior, outside, external
2. ‘Exterior’
3. (soh'toh) “outside,” “outer,” or “exterior”
8. soto-uke outside block
soto makikomi

外巻込

2. [Judo] ‘Outer winding throw’. A sharp movement of the hips by Tori, who then falls to the ground on his or her side (Yoko-sutemi) to bring Uke down in a forward direction. A counter-move against O-soto-gari.
3. (soh-toh ma-kee-koh'mee) “outer winding throw” A judo sacrifice technique in which the opponent is thrown by winding the opponent’s arm and body around oneself, then rolling forward to the mat.
9. Outer Wraparound Throw
While breaking your opponent’s balance to his right front corner, you pull him close to you, twist to your left in a circle so that his body wraps around yours, and fall forward, sending him over your back. In wrapping your opponent around you, grip his right outer sleeve at the elbow with your right hand and his right lower outer sleeve with your left hand. Keep his right arm firmly under your right arm.
10. Outer Winding Throw
A technique where the practitioner places a leg in front of the opponent, and with a quick movement causes the opponent to fall to the ground.
see also: Wikipedia
sutemi

捨身

2. ‘Sacrifice’, literally ‘to risk one’s life (in order to win)’. The sense of self sacrifice has always been deeply rooted in the being of the Japanese people. Since the sixth century at least they have been fed on the Buddhist idea of the impermanence of all things. In particular the Samurai and Bushi were aware of this fact, due to the perilous nature of their calling, and they likened life to the cherry blossom: so fragile, so easily blown away by the wind. They did not put the same value on life as the peoples of the West. In effect, for them life had no meaning except in death — but not just any form of death; not a useless and pointless death, an involuntary or unexpected death. Death finds its meaning in sacrifice, which then gives its full significance to the act of living. And the Samurai who, with a light heart resulting from Kokoro, sacrifices his existence in the service of his lord or for the sake of a cause, had the feeling that by dying he created life. This is why the notion of sacrifice was always so important in Japan. The idea of death was of course present in the martial arts to the same extent as the idea of life. Ideally, its presence never left the warrior’s awareness for an instant, for in the end he was truly living with death itself.
3. (soo-teh'mee) “sacrifice”
10. The warrior’s awareness and acceptance of the need for self-sacrifice, even to the death. Japanese culture embraces the ideal of the sacrifice and emphasizes the temporary, even transient, nature of human life.
sutemi waza

捨身技

1. [Judo] a throwing technique in which one’s own balance is sacrificed in order to complete the technique
2. [Judo] In the ancient techniques of hand-to-hand combat, as in modern Judo, the technique of sacrifice is placed at the service of victory; not the victory of the individual, who in the last analysis has little importance, but the victory of the whole. In present-day martial arts this is a technique of winning. Such techniques are called ‘sacrifice techniques’ and are mainly found in Judo and Aikido. They involve throwing oneself to the ground in order to bring down the opponent; a movement of ‘self-abandon’ in making an attack, or in responding to one.
3. (soo-teh'mee wa'za) “abandonment techniques” In judo, a method of throwing an opponent by falling to the ground with him or her.
9. sacrifice techniques
10. [Judo] A general term for sacrifice techniques.
see also: Wikipedia
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