The peace that comes from balance and flexibility represented by two tongues of fire balancing, surrounded by a flexilbe ring of bamboo.
Arlington Budoshin JuJitsu Dojo: Self Defense for the Rest of Us
Terminology — B
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1. [Judo, Karate] see harai
2. see Harai
3. see Harai
10. see Harai

2. see: hasami

1. [Common Usage] martial, military
2. Combat. Bu presupposes a confrontation but also includes the art of evasion. It is equally synonymous with harmony (see Ai, Wu) and with the reconciliation of man and the universe. The word appears in the martial arts vocabulary as a frequent syllable in other words such as Budo, Bu-jutsu, etc.
3. (boo) military A concept denoting the entire military dimension of feudal Japan. It is used in compounds such as bushi, budo, and bujutsu.
7. military (martial) affairs
10. War or combat. The word is often used to form the name of a martial art, such as Bu-jutsu, or as part of a martial art term, for instance, budo. Combat in this sense refers to the physical actions of attack, defense, counter-attack and simple evasion, plus military strategy.



1. [Common Usage] (lit. Martial Ways) martial arts for personal or spiritual cultivation rather than for purely combative purposes; sometimes written as bu no michi
2. The Way of combat. A name adopted in the twentieth century for martial arts in general, with an emphasis on their peaceful aspects. In addition to the physical discipline and the techniques of movement, it implies an attitude of mind and a certain ethic. Budo is distinct from Bugei (arts of combat) and from Bu-jutsu (techniques of combat). These latter approaches are concerned with real fighting, whereas Budo is concerned with the physical and spiritual training offered through the study and practice of the martial arts. To make this distinction, the new approach of Budo was given the name Shin-Budo after 1868, and later became known simply as Budo. All Budo is now regarded as a sporting enterprise and has a system of grading called Kyudan which aims at determining the degree of technical proficiency attained by the Budoka.
3. (boo'doh) military way or way of fighting Spiritually related systems, not necessarily designed by or for warriors, for self-defense. Budo is a generic term encompassing all of the Japanese do (way) arts, which are largely 20th-century offspring stemming from concepts that can first be positively identified about the mid 18th-century.

Some of the more predominant budo practices today are judo, karate-do, aikido, kendo, kyudo, and iaido. Budo subscribes to creating the ideal psychological state by removing the fear of death and excessive self-consciousness so its user can freely and completely make use of the acquired physical techniques.

7. martial ways
10. A term referring to those martial arts that have more than a combat or martial dimension. Unlike the so-called called combat arts (bugei or bujutsu), martial way arts or budo emphasize the growth and development of the individual's spiritual and physical well-being. Personal growth, not just self-defense, is the primary purpose of such arts. Budo arts are derived from the combat arts; they did not develop independently of them. Through long practice and training, the martial artist who practices a budo style will achieve spiritual, mental and emotional peace. Budo arts are those that include the word do or way in their name, such as Aikido, Judo and Iaido, plus others.
11. The way of the samurai.
see also: Wikipedia


1. [Common Usage] a person studying martial arts or ways
2. Name given to all those who follow a school of Budo, whatever their grade. Each branch of Budo has its own name: Judo, Aikido, Karate, etc. A Budoka within a particular branch is this also a Judo-ka, Aikido-ka, or Karate-ka, the suffix -ka denoting a practitioner.
3. (boo-doh'kaw) military art person Any follower of the budo doctrine belonging to such arts as aikido, judo, kendo, karate-do, iaido, and kyudo.
10. The term for any practitioner of a budo art. More generally, anyone who practices a martial art is given this designation. A martial artist who follows a specific system is also referred to by that system's name: for instance, a karateka or judoka is one who follows the practices of Karate or Judo.


see also: budō and shin
4. Budoshin means to live in a respectful and honorable manner. It means to be chivalrous and knightly in one's behavior. It is the attitude and philosophy that goes along with the mechanics of the art.


1. [Common Usage] a term used to refer to classical Japanese martial arts
2. Art of combat in the form practised by the Samurai of old, mainly concerned with the effective use of weapons. This warrior art includes the laws governing the behaviour of Samurai vis-à-vis their opponents, according to the code of Bushido. All the techniques relevant to Jutsu fall within the art of Bugei. Bugei took the name Budo towards the end of the nineteenth century, when it was trasformed into a physical and spiritual disipline. It is the equivalent of Bu-jutsu or warrior techniques.
3. (boo'gay) martial arts A generic term encompassing the older Japanese jutsu (arts) which were in practice before the mid 18th-century and were the predecessors of the budo. Ideally, bugei applies specifically to those principles used by the samurai, or bushi, whose occupation was called bugei. It includes strategy, fortifications, and tactics.
10. Martial arts that emphasize the fighting aspect as applied to combat or battle. Such martial arts are mostly concerned with weapons use. See Budo.
see also: Wikipedia


1. [Common Usage] warrior
2. Warrior. See Bushi.
3. (boo'jeen) military person A name for the martial arts expert; same as bugeisha.
see also: Wikipedia


1. [Common Usage] martial arts; the characters for this word are read wushu in Chinese.
2. warrior techniques or techniques of combat used by the Bushi, or warriors of ancient Japan, whose aim was to achieve maximum effectiveness in warfare. See Budo, Bugei, Ryu.
3. (boo-jut'soo) military art(s) A collective term for all of the Japanese jutsu (arts) extant before the mid-18th century and practiced almost exclusively by the samurai warrior. These combatives, whose main use was to overcome a foe in combat, were the forerunners of the modern do (way) systems. Thus, judo evolved from jujutsu, kendo from kenjutsu, karate-do from karate-jutsu, kyudo from kyujutsu, and so on.
7. martial arts
10. Another word for Bugei. Feudal Japanese warriors adopted combat methods designed for use in battle. In the martial arts, these techniques of combat are different from the ways of combat, because the techniques of combat emphasize deadly fighting skills as opposed to the ways of combat, which are interested in the development of character or the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment. See Budo.
see also: Wikipedia


1. [Common Usage] samurai, warrior
2. Warrior. This was the name given to all the warriors who made up families (Buka) with a warrior tradition. It distinguished them from the noble families (Honke). The Bushi class developed mainly in the provinces in the north of Japan where landowners had to defend themselves against the Ainu. They formed themselves into powerful clans who, from the twelfth century, opposed the noble families which were grouping in support of the imperial family living in Kyoto. The Bushi fought among themselves for supremacy. A famous example is that of the Minamoto or Genji clan against the Taira or Heike. The victorious Minamoto set up a Bakufu or government from a military camp in 1185 at Kamakura. They held the reins of power under the aegis of the Shoguns or Generals fighting the barbarians, a type of regime which remained vigorously in force until 1868. This period covered three dynasties and was subject to some interruptions, but it ended only with the emperor’s return to direct power and establishment in Tokyo. Also called Bujin.
3. (boo-shee) military person, warrior, or samurai. A generic term for the Japanese warrior that was changed to samurai after the 15th century A.D. The bushi functioned as armed bodyguards for the feudal lords and followed with unswerving allegiance the code of bushido; same as buke.
5. A warrior or fighting man.
10. A Japanese word meaning warrior, which is what the samurai called themselves. Other classes called them samurai, which means "attendant" or servant. Bushi refers to those of the warrior class as distinct from members of the aristocracy. The Bushi were a powerful force in the government of Japan, and the ruling class was derived from these families for many centuries. See Samurai.
11. Warrior; samurai.
12. Warrior; samurai.


1. [Common Usage] (lit. Way of the Warrior) the union of martial traditions and strategy with the moral codes of the warrior class, especially as influenced by Neo-Confucian thought.
2. Way of the warrior. A code of honour and social behaviour. It took shape in the seventeenth century as a successor to the unwritten code of Kyuba-no-Michi (Way of the bow and the horse) which dated from the thirteenth century. The term Bushido (from Bushi, warrior and Do, moral Way) was used for the first time in the writings of Yamaga Soko, a learned Confucian (1622–85). It was popularized by the work of Nitobe Inazo (1862–1933) called Bushido, published in 1905: a book whose contents reverberated around the world. This code of Bushido demanded from the warrior, Bushi or Samurai a single-minded existence, contempt for death, loyalty to one’s lord through thick and thin, courage, politeness, sincerity of heart and self-control, above and beyond that demanded by the martial arts. Nitobe Inazo defined seven virtues which a Bushi must posses: a sense of justice and honesty, courage and contempt for death, sympathy towards all people, politeness and respect for etiquette, sincerity and respect for one's word of honour, absolute loyalty to one's superiors and finally, a duty to defend the honour of one's name and clan. This list of virtues was simplified in the form of Duty (Giri), Resolution (Shiki), Generosity (Ansha), Firmness of soul (Fudo), Magnanimity (Doryo) and Humanity (Ninyo).

The first written code of Bushido was the Buke Sho-hatto. Another famous code was the Hagakure (Hidden beneath the leaves) by Yamamoto Tsunetomo (c. 1716). According to these works, Bushido is a code of honour directing the Bushi — and more particularly the Samurai — to follow a severe etiquette and to devote their lives and spirits to one of several activities beyond the level of an ordinary man, transcending considerations of life and death (Seishi-o Choetsu). It is a way of being, of behaving towards one’s fellows, and an absolute fidelity to a line of life (formerly to a lord, or superior), which demands the giving up of self when necessary (see Sutemi). It implies respect for oneself and for others — whoever they may be, weak or strong — as well as perfect control of the mind, the impulses and passions, in order to leave the spirit in harmony (Wa) with the universe.

3. (boo-shee'doh) way of the warrior A strict code of ethical behavior followed by the samurai. Bushido was formulated during the Tokugawa Era (1603–1868) of Japan, surprising perhaps, in peaceful times. The premise of the code was to advise a samurai how to conduct himself in battle and how to find a meaningful place in a peacetime society. Its main tenets were loyalty to one's lord and dutiful service. To die in the service of one’s lord was viewed as the ultimate expression of this loyalty.

Bushido’s ethical basis is applied in modern martial arts through the endorsement of virtues such as pride in duty, discipline in conduct, and humility in oneself.

5. The way of the warrior; the moral code and belief system of Japan’s samurai.
  • An ethical code followed by the samurai, much like the celebrated chivalric code of medieval Europe. The term was coined in the late-19th century by a writer, Inazo Nitobe. The main principles of bushido are fundamental to the way of the warrior. These are loyalty, right conduct and bravery.
  • The Way of the Warrior. This ethical code governing the behavior of samurai grew from the ideals of The Way of the Bow and Horse, an early ethical or philosophical belief system, an ideal adhered to in thought and writing if not in action. The way of the warrior developed from the 17th century on, when the ethical beliefs of the samurai became the subject of written code, debate, discussion and instruction. Ideal behavior for a samurai included the affectation of contempt for death, plus loyalty and courage. The term bushido used to characterize this ideal was coined by Nitobe Inazo in his work called Bushido.
  • Bushido was a natural development from centuries of military experience. Bushido is an ethical belief, not a fighting system. By following it, warriors could apply their combat skills in strictly defined right or wrong ways, just as Westerners followed the code of chivalry. Bushido incorporated Shinto and Confucian ideas. The term itself was first used in the twentieth century to describe this ancient ideal.
11. The way of the samurai.
See also: Library of Congress
See also: Wikipedia
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